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Development in Adolescence

Developmental changes in adolescence

Adolescence is derived from the Latin for growing up

It is a period of transition in which individual changes from a state of childhood to that of an adult

There are biological changes: a physical growth spurt, a change in bodily proportion, and the attainment of sexual maturity

There are social and economic changes: from dependence on one’s family to ever-increasing independence

There are numerous psychological changes that accompany the process of growing up. These include:

The progressive maturing of behavior that will ultimately allow the adolescence to start his or her own family

The acquisition of various skills that will eventually enable him or her to become a fully functioning member of adult society

There is an identity crisis: the separation from the parents is only one manifestation of what adolescents are really trying to achieve. There major goal throughout this period is to discover who and what they really are

Characteristics of Adolescence Development

1. By age 12 the child thinking is predominantly reality oriented and relatively free from egocentricity. Gain a lot of skills, deal with most situations in environment well adapted, enjoy security of a social status within group

2. Adolescence is essentially a period of physical, mental and social changes. Increase strength and muscularity

3. Fantasies and day-dreams are an easy substitute for action and in such imagination, problems are solved. Compromise between his inner desire and outward achievement

4. Adolescence is finally and perhaps most importantly a period of social change and adjustment. Give up dependency of childhood for the independency of adulthood. 


                                       Dr. Rajha Abdul-Hassan Al-Kassar     


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